Citizenship Tnpsc Notes – Acquisition and Termination of Citizenship in India

Citizenship Tnpsc Notes

This is for Tnpsc notes for polity for the topic: Citizenship.

  • The word ‘Citizen’ is derived from Latin term ‘Civis’, it means resident of a city state.
  • The Constitution of India provides for a single and uniform citizenship for the whole India.
  • Articles 5 to 11 under part II of the constitution deals with the citizenship.

Citizenship Act of 1955

  • The Citizenship Act of 1955 provides for acquisition and loss of citizenship after the commencement of the constitution.
  • The Citizenship Act has been amended eight times so far.
  • Originally, the Citizenship Act (1955) also provided for the commonwealth citizenship.
  • But this provision was repealed by the Citizenship (Amendment) Act 2003.

Acquisition of Citizenship

  • The citizenship act of 1955 prescribes five ways of acquiring citizenship, such as birth, descent, registration, naturalization and incorporation of territory.
  • According to the Citizenship Act 1955, the citizenship could be aquired through any of the following methods:
  1. By Birth: All persons born in India on or after January 26, 1950 are treated as citizens by birth.
  2. By Descent: A person born outside India on or after January 26, 1950 shall be a citizen of India by descent, if his father is a citizen of India at the time of his birth.
  3. By Registration: A person can acquire citizenship of India by registration with appropriate authority.
  4. By Naturalization: A foreigners can acquire citizenship of India on application for naturalization to the Governor of India.
  5. By Incorporation of Territory: In the event of a certain territory being added to the territory of India, the Government of India shall specify the persons of that territory who shall be citizen of India.

Loss of Citizenship

  • The citizenship Act of 1955 prescribes three ways of losing citizenship whether acquired under the Act or prior to it under the Constitution viz, renunciation, termination and deprivation.
  • It can be voluntarily renounced by a citizen.
  • It can be terminated if a person acquires the citizenship of some other country.
  • The central government can deprive a naturalized citizen, if it satisfied that the citizenship was acquired by fraud, false representation or concealment of material facts or indulges in trade with enemy countries or if the person has been sentenced to imprisonment for a period of 2 years.


This article is written for the Tnpsc for the topic “Citizenship”. This post covers What is Citizenship, How it is acquired in India and How one loss their citizenship in India. Also coves the Articles in the Indian constitution that deal with Citizenship in India.

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* * All the Notes in this blog, are referred from Tamil Nadu State Board Books and Samacheer Kalvi Books. Kindly check with the original Tamil Nadu state board books and Ncert Books.
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