Mughal Empire Timeline

  • Mughal Empire history was started in India subcontinent by Babur after defeated Ibrahim Lodi in the battle of Panipat. 
  • This Emperor lasted for about three centuries from 1526 to 1857.
  • The empire declined after the Aurangzeb in 1707.
  • The emperor officially ended after 100 years after the death of Aurangzeb to the East India Company.

First Mughal emperor in India

Mughal emperor Akbar

Emperor Akbar (1556–1605)

  • During Humayun’s wanderings in the Rajputana desert, his wife gave birth to a son, Jalaluddin, known as Akbar, in 1542.
  • Akbar was crowned at the age of fourteen.
  • At the time of Akbar’s ascension, the Afghans and Rajputs were still powerful and posed a great challenge.
  • Yet he had a guardian and protector in Bairam Khan.

Second Battle of Panipat

  • Hemu, the Hindu general of the displaced Afghan king Adil Shah, the successor of Sher Shah, induced the king to permit him to lead the Afghan army against the Mughals.
  • Encouraged by the king, Hemu first took Gwalior, expelling the Mughal governor.
  • Then he marched on Agra and captured it without any resistance.
  • Hemu’s generosity helped him to overcome potential enemies when he took Delhi.
  • In November 1556 Akbar marched towards Delhi to meet the forces of Hemu in the Second Battle of Panipat.
  • An arrow struck the eye of Hemu when the battle was likely to end in his favour.
  • The leaderless Afghan army became demoralised and the Mughal forces emerged victoriously.
  • Hemu was captured and executed.
  • This victory made Akbar the sovereign of Agra and Delhi and re-establish the Mughal empire.

Aurangzeb’s Deccan Policy

Economy

Religion during Mughals

Science and Technology During Mughals

Art and architecture of mughal empire

Last Mughal ruler

  • The last Mughal emperor, Bahadur Shah II.
  • He was also known as Zafar, who died in a British prison in Burma in 1862.
  • He was remembered for his role in Great Revolt of 1857, which was considered as first war of Independence.
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* * All the Notes in this blog, are referred from Tamil Nadu State Board Books and Samacheer Kalvi Books. Kindly check with the original Tamil Nadu state board books and Ncert Books.
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