Language is an identification for different cultures, as it is essential for communication. It influences the political, social, and economic.
As a result, the economic and religious system frequently follows patterns of language and distributions. And also political borders quite often parallel linguistic boundaries.
In the Modern Age, linguistic diffusion is influenced by trade, tourism, media, and international organization. This developed linguistic pluralism. Heterogeneous societies attribute the greatest linguistic diversity.
The classification by languages origins and historic development is known as a genetic classification. The languages which are the descendants of common ancestral language are called Proto-Language.
G.L. Trage classified the world into 7 linguistic phylum and 30 linguistic families. Language families are further classified into several subfamilies.
Major Language families and language groups
Indo-Iranian, Latin, Romantic, Germanic, Balto-Slavic, Celtic, Hellenic
Chinese, Tibetan, Burman
Semitic, Egyptian, Cushitic, Chadic
Niger-Congo (Atlantic, Voltaic, Benu-Nagar), Sudanic (Chari-Nile, Saharan), Click Languages (Khoisan)
Finno-Igric, Turkic, Mangolic, Tunguzic
Malayo, Polynesian, Malayan, Melanesian, Micronesian, Polynesian, Austro-Asiatic
Major languages in India
It has its own language and dialects. As per the 1961 census of India, it is estimated to have 187 languages. About 97% of people of India speak 23 major languages excluding English.
India follows Kashmiri, Punjabi, Hindi, Urdu, Bengali, Assamese, Gujarati, Marathi, Kannada, Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam, Sindhi, Sanskrit, Oriya, Nepali, Kongani, Manipuri, Bodo, Dogri, Maithili, and Santali.
Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, Malayalam, Gondi, Kurukh, Orean etc
Bodo, Karen, Manipuri
Hindi, Urdu, Sans