Horticulture Crops in India Upsc

Fruits, vegetables, and flowers are horticulture crops. India is the second-largest producer of Horticulture crops. Apple is mostly produced in Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, and Uttarakhand.

Banana cultivation is mainly in Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra. Orange cultivation is mainly in Maharashtra, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Tamil Nadu, and Karnataka.

Grape cultivation is mainly in Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, and Karnataka. India produces 13% of the world’s production of vegetables.

State wise horticulture production in India

Andhra Pradesh

The Major fruit crop grown in Andhra Pradesh is Banana, Sweet Orange, Mango, Guava, and Pomegranate. The vegetable crops are Tomato, Beans, Brinjal, Bhendi, Onion, Chillies, etc.

Andra Pradesh emerges as are second-largest fruit-producing state in India and accounts for 11.8% of total fruits produced in the country. Banganapalle Mangoes are famous in Andra Pradesh, and this state got GI Tag for Banganappale Mangoes.

Arunachal Pradesh

The major fruits grown in Arunachal Pradesh are Litchi, Banana, Jack fruit, Orange, Pineapple, etc. The major vegetable grown in Arunachal Pradesh is Potatoes, brinjal, ginger, chilies, pumpkin, cucumber, cowpea, etc.

Also, nuts like Peach Walnut, almond, etc are also grown in this state.

Assam

Major fruit crops grown in the state are Banana, Pineapple, papaya, Assam lemon, Orange, Guava, Litchi, Jack fruit, and Mango. The vegetables are Potato, Sweet Potato, Tapioca, Onion, etc.

Bihar

Mango, guava, litchi, and banana are the major fruit crops of Bihar. The major vegetable cultivated in Bihar is potato, onion, eggplant, and cauliflower.

Chhattisgarh

The Major vegetable grown here is Cauliflower, cabbage, brinjal, tomatoes, ladyfinger, potatoes, green peas, karela, loki, torai, munga, kochai (arwi) carrot, parwal, onion etc. The major fruits grown in Chhattisgarh are Guava, Mango, Lime, Cashewnut, Cheku, Litchi, etc.

Goa

The major vegetable grown in Goa is Brinjal, Bhendi , Chillies, Cucumber, Pumpkin, Gourds, Musk Melons, Red amaranthus, Raddish, Knol-Khol, Cabbage, Bottle gourd, Long beans, Cluster beans, etc. The major fruits grown in goa are apples, pears, strawberries, grapes, melons, and watermelons.

Gujarat

The major vegetables grown in Gujarat are Onion, Garlic, Potato, Brinjal, Tomato, Okra, and Cucurbits. The major fruit crops grown in Gujarat are Banana, Mango, Citrus, Papaya, and Sapota.

Haryana

The major vegetable grown in Haryana is pea, tomato, potato, carrots, garlic, onion, etc. Also, the major fruits grown in Haryana are mango, litchi, chickoo, citrus fruits like oranges and ber.

Himachal Pradesh

The major vegetable grown in Himachal Pradesh is tomato, cauliflower, cabbage, pea, and capsicum. The major fruits varieties grown in Himachal Pradesh are Mango, Litchi, Guava, Loquat, Citrus Fig, Ber, Papaya, Grapes, Jack Fruit, Banana, Low chilling varieties of Peach, Plum and Pear, Strawberry.

Jharkhand

The major fruit grown in Jharkhand is Mango, Guava, Litchi, Lemon, Banana, Papaya, and Jackfruit. The major vegetable grown in Jharkhand is potato, tomato, ladyfinger, peas, cauliflower, brinjal, & cabbage.

Karnataka

The major fruits grown in Karnataka are Mango, Chikku, Guava, Custard, Soursop, Bur, Pomegranate, Fig, Jack fruit, etc. The major vegetables grown in Karnataka are tomatoes, Beans, Peas, etc.

Kerala

The major fruits grown in Kerala are Mango, Grapes, Banana, Jackfruits, Star gooseberry, Indian hog plum, Custard Apple, Papaya, etc. The main vegetables grown in Kerala are Okra, Tomato, Chilli, Bitter Gourd, Radish, Cucumber, Pumpkin, Brinjal, etc.

Madya Pradesh

The major fruits grown in Madhya Pradesh are Guava, Mango, Banana, and Orange. The major vegetable grown in Madhya Pradesh is Green Peas, Potatoes, Onion, Tomato, etc.

Maharashtra

The major fruit crops cultivated in Maharashtra are Mango, Cashew, Pomegranate, Citrus, Sapota, Banana, Grapes, and Guava. The major vegetables cultivated in Maharashtra are Beetroot, Bitter Gourd, Bottle Gourd, Cabbage, Cauliflower, Green left Caladium, Potato, Carrot, Onion, Yam(Kangar), Radish, etc.

Manipur

Banana, Pineapple, and Citrus have a major share in area and production, and also the Guava, Papaya, etc are grown on a large scale. Banana is native to this region and is called Tamenglong. Pineapple is grown on the hilly slopes.

Vegetables grown in Manipur are Cucurbits, Tomatoes, Brinjal, Bhindi, Cabbage, Cauliflower, Potato, Radish, Carrot, Broccoli, Capsicum, etc.

Meghalaya

In Meghalaya state, sub-tropical fruits are grown that include citrus species, pineapple, banana, guava, jack fruit, and papaya, and also temperate fruits such as pear, peach plums are grown in the Khasi Hills districts. The famous fruit in Meghalaya is Sohphie which is common.

Important vegetables grown in Meghalaya are cucumber, bitter gourd, brinjal, pumpkins, a number of green leafy vegetables, etc.

Mizoram

The major fruits grown in Mizoram are Mandarin Orange, Mango, Grape, Pineapple, Banana, and Strawberry. And also recent addition is Dragon fruit.

The major vegetables grown in Mizoram are Chayote, pumpkin, ash gourd, Cucumber, Bitter melon, etc.

Nagaland

There is a lot of native fruits in Nagaland such as persimmon, walnut, hazelnut, peach, lemon, avocado, Naga Apple, etc. The major vegetables cultivated in Mizoram are cabbage, cauliflower, knol-khol, radish, carrot, French bean, etc.

Odisha

The major fruits grown in Odisha are Mango, Banana, cashew, Jackfruit, Lemon, and Sapota. The major vegetables grown in Odisha are Tomato, Capsicum, Cabbage, Cauliflower, Carrot, Beat, Pea, Brinjal, Bhendi, Cucumber, etc.

Punjab

The major fruits cultivated in Punjab are Sweet Orange, lime, lemon, litchi, guava, pear, peach, grapes, ber, banana, etc. Also, the main vegetables cultivated in Punjab are Potato, Onion, Garlic, Tomato, etc.

Rajasthan

The major fruits cultivated in Rajasthan are Aonla, Banana, Ber, Blackberry, Custard Apple, Date Palm, Grapes, Guava, Lemon, Mango, Papaya, Sapota, etc. The major vegetables cultivated in Rajasthan are Brinjal, Cucurbits, Okra, Onion, Potato, Tomato, etc.

Sikkim

The major fruits cultivated in Sikkim are Banana, Papaya, Guava, etc. The major vegetables cultivated in Sikkim are Tomato, Broccoli, Iskus or Chayote, Cauliflower, etc.

Tamil Nadu

Mango and Banana are the most cultivated crops in Tamil Nadu that account for over 81% of the total fruit production. The other major fruits grown in Tamil Nadu are Lemon, Guava, Water Melon, Amla, Jackfruit, Grapes, Papaya, etc.

The major cultivated in Tamil is Tapioca, Onion, Brinjal, Tomato, and Ladies finger. These accounts for over 70% of the total area and as well as production. The other major vegetables grown in Tamil Nadu are Capsicum, Carrots, potatoes, green peas, green chilies, etc.

Telangana

The major fruits grown in Telangana are Mango, banana, guava, papaya, and citrus. The other major fruits grown in Telangana are Muskmelon, Watermelon, Sapota, Sweet Orange, etc. The Major vegetables grown in Telangana are Tomato, Brinjal, Bhendi, and different types of gourds.

Tripura

The major fruits grown in Tripura are Jackfruit and Pineapple. Other fruits are Mango, Orange, Banana, and Litchi. The major fruits cultivated in Bean, Cabbage, carrot, etc.

Uttarakhand

The major vegetables grown in Uttarakhand are Potato, Tomato, Cauliflower, Capsicum, etc. The major fruits grown in Uttarakhand are Litchi, guava, apricot, Strawberry, Plum, Indian Hawthorn, etc.

Uttar Pradesh

The major fruits grown in Uttar Pradesh is Mango, guava, aonla, banana, jack fruit, ber, citrus, etc. And the major vegetables are grown in Uttar Pradesh are Potato, Brinjal, Cauliflower, Cabbage, Spinach, Melon, Carrot, etc.

West Bengal

The major fruits grown in West Bengal are Mango, Pineapple, Banana, Citrus, Litchi, Guava, Papaya, etc. Also, the Major vegetables grown in West Bengal are Brinjal, Cabbage, Cauliflower, Cucumber, Radish, etc.

Union Territories

Andaman and Nicobar Islands

Andaman and Nicobar Islands are hilly lands. Here major fruits grown are Mango, Pineapple, Guava, Jackfruit, Citrus, Sapota, etc. The Major vegetables grown in this Island state are Bhindi, Lobia, Brinjal, Marsa, Poi, Radish, Cucurbits, etc.

Chandigarh

The major fruits produced in Chandigarh are Mangoes, Guava, Lemons, Phalsa, Chikoo, Amla, Peach, etc. The Major vegetables grown in Chandigarh are Tomato, Onion, Garlic,

//Draft

* * All the Notes in this blog, are referred from Tamil Nadu State Board Books and Samacheer Kalvi Books. Kindly check with the original Tamil Nadu state board books and Ncert Books.