Central Vigilance Commission (CVC) is a government body created in 1964. This body is created to address the corruption in the government and its agencies. In the year 2003, Parlian has granted an autonomous state, which makes it free of control from any executive authority.
The body’s job is to monitor all the vigilance activities under the Union Government, its advising authorities, etc.
The CVC consists of:
- A Central Vigilance Commissioner – Chairperson
- Not more than two Vigilance Commissioners – Members
CVC is not an investigating agency but it only investigates the Civil Works of the Government. The corruption investigation against the official shall be carried out only after the government’s permission.
By the ordinance of 1998, CVC conferred statutory status and gained the power to exercise superintendence over the Delhi Special Police Establishment. It also has the power to review the offenses under the Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988 conducted by the Delhi Special Police Establishment.
In the year 2004, the Union Government authorized the CVC, as the “Designated Agency” to receive complaints of allegations of corruption.
The Central Vigilance Commissioner and the Vigilance Commissioner are appointed the President based on the recommendation of a committee that consists of the PM who is the chairmen the committee, the Minister of home affairs who is a member of the committee, and the leader of the opposition in the Lok Sabha.
The Vigilance Commissioner can be removed only by the order of the President of India based on grounds of misbehavior or incapacity after the Supreme court made the reference over commissioner’s status to the President.
The President may, by order, remove from office the Central Vigilance Commissioner or any Vigilance Commissioner if the Central Vigilance Commissioner or such Vigilance Commissioner, as the case may be:
- is adjudged an insolvent; or
- has been convicted of an offence which, in the opinion of the Central Government, involves moral turpitude; or
- engages during his term of office in any paid employment outside the duties of his office; or
- is, in the opinion of the President, unfit to continue in office by reason of infirmity of mind or body; or
- has acquired such financial or other interest as is likely to affect prejudicially his functions as a Central Vigilance Commissioner or a Vigilance Commissioner.