Anti corruption measures
Anti-corruption measures include a protocol that gives a set of preventive mechanisms that includes the development of codes of conduct for Government officials, transparency in the government’s procurement of goods and services, access to public information, and safeguarding the whistleblowers, and also establishment of anti-corruption agencies.
Anti-corruption laws in India
Public servants in India can be imprisoned for several years and penalized for corruption under the:
- Indian Penal Code, 1860
- Prosecution section of Income Tax Act, 1961
- The Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988
- The Benami Transactions (Prohibition) Act, 1988 to prohibit benami transactions.
- Prevention of Money Laundering Act, 2002
Prevention of corruption act 1988
It is an act of the Parliament of India, that is enacted to fight corruption in government agencies and public sectors in India. This act provides for penalties for public servants in relation to corruption.
This act by the amendment of 2018, criminalised both bribe-taking by public servants and also bribe giving by any person.
Anti-corruption police and courts
The Directorate General of Income Tax Investigation, Central Vigilance Commission, and Central Bureau of Investigation all deal with anti-corruption initiatives. Certain states such as Andhra Pradesh (Anti-Corruption Bureau, Andhra Pradesh) and Karnataka (Lokayukta) also have their own anti-corruption agencies and courts.