Valency meaning in chemistry

The electrons present in the outermost shell of an atom are called Valence electrons. From the Bohr-Bury scheme, we find the outermost shell of an atom can accommodate a maximum of 8 electrons. Also, the atoms of the elements show little chemical activity if its outermost shell is completely filled. Also can be said that … Read more

State government structure in India Upsc

State government structure in India Upsc

State government structure in India The state government follows the parliamentary system of government like the central government. Some states have a Bicameral legislature and some states have a Unicameral legislature. The state executive or the state government may consist of: Governor Chief Minister Council of Ministers. These three executives form the basic structure of … Read more

Self Respect Movement Tnpsc

Self Respect Movement Tnpsc

Self Respect Movement The self Respect Movement is a political movement started by Periyar, with the aim of achieving equal rights for oppressed castes, and rights for women. History The first conference for the movement was held in 1929 at Chengalpattu. In 1937, Justice Party has declined a lot because they Won the election by … Read more

Need of special privileges

Need of special privileges

Need of special privileges If poor children were not provided with adequate education and proper health care, we are raising hue and cry. We give our voice for justice. First, let us understand what we accept and which we refuse. If a person is treated with great respect on the basis of his caste, language, … Read more

Caste System in India Upsc

What is Caste System? The ancient Indian Civilization evolved with the Varnashrama Dharma that started the principle of hierarchy i.e. Upper and Lower Strata. The Varna system is also called the Four Varna System. According to the Four Varna System, the people were divided into Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vysyas, and Shudras. This form of division on … Read more

Article 16 (4) of Indian Constitution

This will not prevent any sort of appointment or reservation among backward communities if sufficient representation is not provided. In India, inequality is existing due to the Varna System. According to the Indian Constitution, states which are having low technology or inadequate natural resources can make their own special policies for holistic advancement. In accordance … Read more

Rashtrakutas Administration and Society Upsc

Rashtrakutas Administration and Society Upsc

Administration The Rashtrakuta Empire was divided into several provinces called rashtras under the control of Rashtrapati. They were further divided into vishayas or districts governed by vishayapatis. The subsequent subdivision was bhukti consisting of fifty to 70 villages under the control of bhogapatis. These officers were directly appointed by the central government. The village administration … Read more

Chola State and Administration Upsc

Chola State and Administration Upsc

Chola Administration Central Government The Cholas had a superb system of administration. The emperor or king was at the highest of the administration. The extent and resources of the Chola Empire increased the facility and prestige of the monarchy. The large capital cities like Tanjore and Gangaikondacholapuram, the massive royal courts and extensive grants to … Read more

Pallava literature and cultural contribution of pallavas Upsc

Pallavas Society and Literature Upsc

Society under Pallavas Tamil society witnessed a great change during the Pallava period. The caste system became strong. The highest place of society is held by brahmins. Brahmin was granted lands by kings and nobles. Also, Brahmin was given the responsibility to look after the temples. Buddhism and Jainism declined during the Pallava period. Also, … Read more

* * All the Notes in this blog, are referred from Tamil Nadu State Board Books and Samacheer Kalvi Books. Kindly check with the original Tamil Nadu state board books and Ncert Books.